Hồ chí minh và ngô đình diệm

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Ngo Dinc Diem, (born January 3, 1901, Quang Binh province, northern Vietnam—died November 2, 1963, Cho Lon, South Vietnam giới ), Vietnamese political leader who served as president, with dictatorial powers, of what was then South Vietphái mạnh, from 1955 until his assassination.

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Ngo Dinh Diem was born into lớn one of the noble families ofVietphái nam. His ancestors in the 17th century had been aao ước the first Vietnamese converts toRoman Catholicism. He was on friendly terms with the Vietnamese imperial family in his youth.


As president of South Vietnam (1955–63), Ngo Dinch Diem assumed dictatorial powers. Diem’s heavy-handed tactics against the Viet Cong insurgency deepened his government’s unpopularity, & his brutal treatment of the opposition khổng lồ his regime alienated the South Vietnamese populace, notably Buddhists. In 1963 he was murdered during acoup d’état by some of his generals.


In 1933 Ngo Dinh Diem was the emperorBao Dai’s minister of the interior. In 1954 Diem began serving asprime ministerin what would become the Republic of Vietphái nam (South Vietnam). Diem defeated Bao Dai in a referendum in October 1955, ousted the emperor, and made himself president.


Early life and rise to power

Diem was born inlớn one of the noble families of Vietphái mạnh. His ancestors in the 17th century had been aý muốn the first Vietnamese converts to lớn Roman Catholicism. He was on friendly terms with the Vietnamese imperial family in his youth, và in 1933 he served as the emperor Bao Dai’s minister of the interior. However, he resigned that same year in frustration at French unwillingness lớn countenance his legislative sầu reforms. Relinquishing his titles and decorations, Diem spent the next 12 years living quietly in Hue. In 1945 he was captured by the forces of the communist leader Ho Chi Minh, who invited Diem khổng lồ join Ho’s independent government in the newly declared Democratic Republic of Vietphái nam (North Vietnam), hoping that Diem’s presence would win Catholic tư vấn. Diem rejected the proposal, however, and went inlớn self-imposed exile, living abroad for most of the next decade.


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Vietnam War và assassination

Diem, assisted by U.S. military & economic aid, was able lớn resettle hundreds of thousands of refugees from North Vietphái mạnh in the south, but his own Catholicism & the preference he showed for fellow Roman Catholics made hlặng unacceptable to Buddhists, who were an overwhelming majority in South Vietphái mạnh. Diem never fulfilled his promise of l& reforms, & during his rule communist influence and appeal grew among southerners as the communist-inspired National Liberation Front, or Viet Cong, launched an increasingly intense guerrilla war against his government. The military tactics Diem used against the insurgency were heavy-handed và ineffective sầu and served only lớn deepen his government’s unpopularity & isolation.


Diem’s imprisoning và, often, killing of those who expressed opposition to his regime—whom he alleged were abetting communist insurgents—further alienated the South Vietnamese populace, notably Buddhists, who increasingly protested Diem’s discrimination against them. Matters with the Buddhists came to lớn a head in 1963 when, after government forces killed several people at a May rally celebrating the Buddha’s birthday, Buddhists began staging large prothử nghiệm rallies, and three monks & a nun immolated themselves. Those actions finally persuaded the United States khổng lồ withdraw its tư vấn from Diem, & his generals assassinated hyên during a coup d’état.

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The Editors of Encyclopaedia tamkyrt.vnThis article was most recently revised và updated by Michael Ray, Editor.